What courses will I be taking?
Students in the Master’s Program must complete 12 credits in addition to their 18 credit thesis for a total of 30 credits. 9 of these credits are from graduate level courses.
Please note that if you are planning on transferring from the MSc program to the PhD program you must complete your 12 credits before the middle of your second year in order to qualify.
Students in the PhD Program who already hold a Master’s must only complete the required core courses. Students who enter the PhD directly with a Bachelor’s degree must, during the first year of study, complete 12 credits with a first class average.
Core Pathology Courses:
PATH 501: Foundations of Human Histopathology (2 credits) – An overview of the microscopic anatomy of human tissue and organs in both health and disease. Students with an MD or BLMSc degree (or course equivalent) may be exempt from PATH 501. Please discuss all requests for exemption with the Graduate Advisor.
- Students will learn the principles behind and practice of histological analysis and its applications in pathology.
By the completion of the course, students will be able to:
- identify and list histological features of cells and basic tissues that make up our organs including epithelia, connective tissues, nervous tissue, vasculature (heart & lung), lymphoid cells & organs
- relate the structure and function in cells, tissues and organs and
- learn to operate a light microscope properly. Students will be introduced to the basic pathological processes of cell injury/necrosis, acute inflammation, wound healing & chronic inflammation, neoplasia (General Pathology) and understand their contribution to diseases encountered in specific tissues/organs (Systems pathology) as well as the student’s own research/project.
PATH 502: Current Topics in Pathology Research (2 credits) – A series of short lectures accompanied by research paper on various aspects of experimental pathology from expert faculty. The skills required for success in this course are excellence in critical thinking and in communication.
- Provide students with a strong foundation for critically evaluating scientific literature across a range of pathology research disciplines.
- Provide students with essential skills in summarizing and communicating research findings as oral presentations.
- Provide students with the ability to contribute to scientific debate and discussion in a group setting.
PATH 535/635 Graduate Studies Seminar (GSS) (2 credits)– Students will learn oral and written scientific communication skills and have a venue to practice those skills. This course will also provide an opportunity for graduate students to exchange on their research with peers, and witness the diverse research programs pursued within the department.
- To expose the students to research in pathology and laboratory medicine conducted by students within the department, to broaden knowledge beyond their own area of expertise.
- To learn skills to communicate scientific research findings through oral presentations, posters, abstracts, etc.
- To provide opportunity to apply these skills, to improve presentation, teaching, critical listening, and questioning skills.
- To develop and apply critical thinking and listening toward the assessment of scientific communication in a manner consistent with scientific peer review.
Recommended Pathology Courses:
PATH 547 (3 credits) – Techniques in Molecular Biology and Experimental Pathology. Students will learn restriction enzyme digests, Northern and Southern blotting, cloning, DNA sequencing, polymerase chain reaction technology, electron microscopy, and fluorescein-activated cell sorting. This is a recommended but not required course.
- To survey and use a range of molecular techniques (from old to new) that would prepare a researcher for molecular biology work.
- To focus on the biochemical principles in these techniques for best practices in troubleshooting and modifying experiments.
- To to provide an opportunity for public science engagement, in the form of science writing assignments that aim to engage a layman reader.
PATH 548L (3 credits) – Experimental Design and Considerations for Data Collection, Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation
This course will provide students with insight about study design, data collection, data presentation, data analysis, and data interpretation.
- By the end of the course, students should be able to
- Design a study
- Identify sources of error, variability, and bias
- Plan and perform simple statistical analyses using statistical software
- Present data transparently and informatively
- Read the scientific literature critically, conduct a manuscript review
- Know when and how to interact with a biostatistician
Elective Pathology Courses:
Our department offers additional elective courses that can be taken on the recommendation of your supervisory committee, listed below.
PATH 518B (3 credits) Pulmonary Pathophysiology (runs Sept – Dec). A review of current topics in pulmonary pathophysiology at an advanced level suitable for graduate students majoring in pathology, medicine, surgery or anaesthesiology. Topics will include lung anatomy, ventilation, blood flow, gas and fluid exchange.
PATH 521 (3 credits) Introduction to the Pathogenesis of Human Disease (runs Jun – Aug). Current medical research; cardiovascular and pulmonary disease.
PATH 530 (3 credits) Nutrition and Metabolic Aspects of Human Disease (runs Jan – Apr). Molecular effects of changes in nutrient status and metabolism on health.
PATH 531 (3 credits) Molecular and Cell Biology of Cancer (runs Jan- Apr). This course focuses on molecular and cell biology of cancer and consists of a series of lectures/reviews combined with discussions and presentations by students on the topics selected by the instructors. Emphasis will be on students’ presentations and discussion.
PATH 570 (3 credits) Cardiovascular Pathophysiology (runs Jan – Apr). Pathogenesis, abnormal physiology, and therapeutic approaches in heart disease including cardiac arrhythmia, heart failure, myocardial infarction, hypertension, atherosclerosis.
Directed Studies Courses:
Pathology has a series of Directed Studies courses that can be offered by faculty members to students, listed here.
Suggested Electives from Other Departments:
BIOC 303 – Molecular Biochemistry
BIOC 511 – Biochemical Aspects of Cellular Regulation
BIOL 300 – Fundamentals of Biostatistics
BIOL 334 – Basic Genetics
BIOL 335 – Molecular Genetics
BIOL 362 – Cellular Physiology
BIOL 441 – Animal Cell Biology
BIOL 530 – The Biology of the Cell
CELL 503 – Current Topics in Cellular Communication
CELL 508 – Molecular Genetic Analysis
CELL 511 – Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Human Disease
HUNU 500 – Research Methods in Human Nutrition
HUNU 503 – Current Issues in Nutrition and Metabolism
MEDG 419 – Human Cytogenetics
MEDG 420 – Human Biochemical and Molecular Genetics
MEDG 421 – Genetics and Cell Biology of Cancer
MEDG 505 – Genome Analysis
MEDG 520 – Advanced Human Molecular Genetics
MEDG 530 – Human Genetics
MEDG 535 – Genetics and Ethics
MEDI 501 – Molecular and Cellular Biology of Experimental Medicine
MEDI 590 – Molecular Regulation of Cell Growth and Differentiation
MICB 402 – Advanced Immunology
MICB 502 – Advanced Immunogenetics
ONCO 502 – Concepts in Oncology
PHAR 448 – Environmental and Cellular Toxicology
PHAR 501 – Advanced Pharmacotherapeutics
PHAR 502 – Advanced concepts in Pharmacokinetics
PHIL 433A – Bio®Medical Ethics
PHYS 305 – Introduction to Biophysics
PHYS 404 – Introduction to Medical Physics
PHYS 405 – Radiation Biophysics
PHYS 534 – Radiotherapy Physics I
PHYS 535 – Radiotherapy Physics II
PHYS 540 – Radiological Imaging
PSYC 314 – Health Psychology
PSYC 535 – Psychopathology of the Adult
PSYC 560 – Clinical Research Design